Gesellschaft für Gartenbau und Therapie - Was ist Gartentherapie?

 

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The task of HT between the natural environment and human´s needs - graphic below

Gesellschaft für Gartenbau und Therapie - Was ist Gartentherapie?

 

What does Horticultural Therapy mean?

 

Definitions of Horticultural Therapy may be different, depending on organisations and countries.

Definitions from Germany, England and the US:

Horticultural Therapy -
(Ass. for Horticulture and Therapy, Germany)
Horticultural Therapy is an activating therapy for suffering, ill and challenged people. Professionals with a horticultural and/or a therapeutic background help to overcome difficulties and problems, to clarify ideas and objectives by gardening and make a self reliant living possible.

Diane Relf defines Horticultural Therapy specifically:
“…four elements that are essential for an activity to qualify as horticultural therapy if it is to be considered a profession eligible for the same status as other caring professions:
1. A defined treatment procedure that focuses on horticultural or gardening activities
2. A client with a diagnosed problem who is in treatment for that problem
3. A treatment goal that can be measured and evaluated
4. A qualified professional to deliver the treatment”

Horticultural Therapy -
(American Horticultural Therapy Association Advancing the practice of horticulture as therapy for human well-being)
Horticultural therapy (HT) is the engagement of a person in gardening-related activities, facilitated by a trained therapist, to achieve specific treatment goals.
HT is an effective and beneficial treatment for people of all ages, backgrounds, and abilities.

Horticultural Therapy -
(Social and therapeutic horticulture, Thrive, England)
Social and therapeutic horticulture is the process by which individuals may develop well-being using plants and horticulture. This is achieved by active or passive involvement.

Horticultural Therapy
(Kansas State University´s Division of Continuing Education)
Horticultural therapy is a method in which a trained Horticultural Therapist uses live plants and the growing environment to heal and rehabilitate people.

There are four essential elements in the practice of horticultural therapy: 1) a defined treatment procedure that focuses on horticultural or gardening activities; 2) a client with a diagnosed problem who is in treatment for that problem; 3) a treatment goal that can be measured and evaluated, and; 4) a trained professional to deliver the treatment.
Treatment goals in horticultural therapy programs typically target social, psychological, physical, and cognitive health outcomes.

Horticultural therapy programs are found in vocational training centers, rehabilitation hospitals, nursing homes, botanic gardens, veteran’s facilities, hospice, alcohol treatment centers and cancer treatment centers.

Horticultural therapy is considered a complimentary therapy along with physicians, psychiatrists, psychologists, occupational therapists, physical therapists, behavioral specialists, vocational skills instructors, and others. Thus horticultural therapy practitioners must be experts on the medical and psychological benefits of gardening and facilitating improvement of the patients’ physical, social, and mental well-being.

 

The meaning of the natural environment

 

What is the task of HT between the natural environment and human´s needs?
Newmodel Aldridge-Sempik-2

copyright by Jo Aldridge and Joe Sempik (by permission)